Congressional Progressive Caucus At A Crossroads
This week Congressional Progressive Caucus co-chair Keith Ellison sent out a fundraising letter for People for the American Way talking about the "3 Progressive Principles for the Next Deal." He points out that the fight is just getting started.
We need to forge a way forward with economic policies that protect the security and enable the prosperity of all Americans. The only way to do this is to adhere to a set of basic, sensible principles that reflect our core American values.There were few candidates for Congress in the last cycle as devoted to the cause of working families as Norman Solomon. Unfortunately, he was edged out by another progressive, Jared Huffman, who has now joined the Progressive Caucus. This week Norman wrote about the function of the caucus in words I doubt its members want to hear. But they should. They should listen very carefully.
I’ve proposed three such principles that I believe will get us there. Simply put, they are:
• No more hostage taking by congressional Republicans
• Protect Medicare, Medicaid and Social Security
• Prioritize revenue and job creation over cuts that hurt the middle class and the poor
...There are certain things that we should just not tolerate. Dangerous tactics employed by extremists on Capitol Hill have severe consequences for our country, as do the myths being propagated by these same extremists and the attacks on working families they prescribe as the cure.
The failure of the Congressional Progressive Caucus to stand up to President Obama on many vital matters of principle is one of the most important-- and least mentioned-- political dynamics of this era.So far the newly elected congressmembers who have joined include Lois Frankel (FL), Alan Grayson (FL), Jared Huffman (CA), Hakeem Jeffries (NY), Joe Kennedy III (MA), Ann Kuster (NH), Rick Nolan (MN), Mark Pocan (WI) and Mark Takano (CA). The strength of the Progressive Caucus has been undermined by the transmogrification of Blue Dogs and other pro-corporate reactionaries into a powerful new group, the New Dems, which have now almost entirely taken over the House leadership. This bodes very badly for economic equality since New Dems are as opposed to the concept as Republicans are. As Chris Hayes points out towards the end of his book, Twilight of the Elites, "with the exception of England, every other industrialized democracy has higher levels of income equality than the United States. Data from the OECD shows one consistent, general principle: The higher the tax rates in a given country, the less inequality... The United States collects a far smaller share of the national income in taxes than nearly every other industrialized democracy, and in recent years that rate has been dropping... Those at the top can use their relative power to alter and manipulate existing institutions so as to further consolidate their gains and press their advantage."
As the largest caucus of Democrats on Capitol Hill, the Progressive Caucus has heavyweight size but flyweight punch.
During the last four years, its decisive footwork has been so submissive to the White House that you can almost hear the laughter from the West Wing when the Progressive Caucus vows to stand firm.
A sad pattern of folding in the final round has continued. When historic votes come to the House floor, party functionaries are able to whip the Progressive Caucus into compliance. The endgame ends with the vast majority of the caucus members doing what Obama wants.
That's what happened on the first day of this year, when the "bipartisan" fiscal deal came down. Widely denounced by progressive analysts, the bill passed on the House floor by a margin of 44 votes-- with the Progressive Caucus providing the margin. Out of 75 caucus members, only seven voted against it.
Over the years, we've seen that President Obama is willing-- even satisfied-- to be rolled by Republican leaders on Capitol Hill. But that's just part of the problem. We should also come to terms with the reality that the Progressive Caucus is routinely rolled by the president.
A two-step prototype hit the ground running in September 2009 when Progressive Caucus co-chairs sent a public letter to Obama on behalf of the caucus-- pledging to vote against any healthcare bill "without a robust public option." Six months later, on the House floor, every member of the Progressive Caucus wilted under pressure and voted for a healthcare bill with no public option at all.
Since then, similar dynamics have persisted, with many Progressive Caucus members making fine statements of vigorous resolve-- only to succumb on the House floor under intense pressure from the Obama administration.
We need Progressive Caucus members who are progressives first and loyal Democrats second, not the other way around. When the party hierarchy cracks the whip, they should strive to halt the rightward drift of congressional legislation, not add to it.
In the new session of Congress, the Progressive Caucus-- with 72 members-- retains major potential. It often puts out solid position papers like the recent Budget for All. And its leadership includes some of the sharpest progressive blades in the House. Congressmen Keith Ellison and Raul Grijalva just won re-election as caucus co-chairs, and Congresswoman Barbara Lee just became the caucus whip.
Still, none of the more than half-dozen Progressive Caucus leaders were among the seven caucus members who voted against the New Year's Day fiscal deal-- and more serious capitulation may soon be on the near horizon.
Early this month, right after the fiscal deal, the Progressive Caucus put its best foot forward by issuing a "Progressive Principles for the Next Deal" statement that vowed to "protect" Medicare, Medicaid and Social Security benefits. But those programs will be in jeopardy before spring in tandem with votes on "sequestration" and raising the debt ceiling.
The results are likely to be very grim unless members of the Progressive Caucus are truly prepared-- this time-- to stand their progressive ground. Without an attitude adjustment, they're on track to help the president betray Social Security and other essential parts of the social compact.
On a vast array of profound issues-- ranging from climate change and civil liberties to drone strikes, perpetual war and a huge military budget-- some individual progressives in Congress introduce outstanding bills and make excellent statements. But when the chips are down and minority leader Nancy Pelosi offloads presidential weight onto House Democrats, the Progressive Caucus rarely shows backbone with cohesive action.
What we have witnessed so far is surrender in stages-- a chronic confluence of conformity and undue party loyalty, with brave talk from caucus members habitually followed by contrary votes on the floor of the House of Representatives. From the grassroots, progressives must mobilize to pressure every member of the Congressional Progressive Caucus to let them know we will hold them accountable.
If there is one single trend identifiable in the second era of equality it is the sharp decline in the rate that the very rich pay in income taxes. Not only has the top marginal rate fallen from 70 percent during the Carter administration to 35 percent at the end of this last decade, but the tax code has been shot through with a host of deductions and exemptions-- from mortgage interest deduction to corporate jet depreciation breaks-- which also disproportionally benefit the wealthy. All of this has combined to sharply reduce the system's progressivity. According to analysis produced by Pulitzer Prize-winning tax reporter David Cay Johnston, the 400 richest filers paid an average effective tax rate of 16.6 percent. A worker making in the middle quintile of income can generally expect to pay an effective tax rate of around 22 percent.This hasn't been done by Republicans alone, unless you want to count Bill Clinton and Barack Obama and half the Democrats in Congress as Republicans.
In other words, the tax system, the most straightforward means of restraining inequality, has been subverted, so as to become a tool for maintaining and expanding it.