Monday, November 14, 2016

We Still Have Freedom Of Speech And A Free Press... Right? Will We A Couple Of Years From Now?


Are you mad at people who voted for Trump? Do you know any? Would you like to see them all forced to go back to second grade and start all over again, like Keith Olbermann suggested? How about killed? Too rough? How about deprived of the right to own a gun? Deprived of their right to vote again until they pass a series of courses in civics and history?

Nixon was elected in November, 1968. I was mortified, not just by his policies and agenda, but by the man. He was sworn in in January, 1969. Less than 4 months later I was in Europe, the beginning of a nearly 7 year self-imposed exile or... seeing the world. The exile part was silly. The seeing the world part was the best thing that ever happened to be and worked out better than graduate school probably would have. When TimeWarner wanted a new president with international experience for one of their divisions... there I was, skipping ahead of two dozen executives with far more seniority. That sure changed my life! Trump-inspired self-exile isn't something I'd recommend (yet)... seeing the world, though, is always a good idea.

Over the weekend Bill Moyers published an essay by author Neal Gabler, who teaches at Stony Brook, where I went to school and from where I left for my self-exile. I think his best known book is An Empire of Their Own: How the Jews Invented Hollywood but he's probably better known for his columns in the NY Times, Esquire, New York, The Atlantic, and the New Republic, and for his work on Fox and PBS. The new essay, Farewell, America, isn't about a decision to go into self-exile or even to see the world. "No matter how the rest of the world looked at us on Nov. 7," he wrote, "they will now look at us differently." And not in a good way.
America died on Nov. 8, 2016, not with a bang or a whimper, but at its own hand via electoral suicide. We the people chose a man who has shredded our values, our morals, our compassion, our tolerance, our decency, our sense of common purpose, our very identity-- all the things that, however tenuously, made a nation out of a country.

Whatever place we now live in is not the same place it was on Nov. 7. No matter how the rest of the world looked at us on Nov. 7, they will now look at us differently. We are likely to be a pariah country. And we are lost for it. As I surveyed the ruin of that country this gray Wednesday morning, I found weary consolation in W.H. Auden’s poem, September 1, 1939, which concludes:
Defenseless under the night
Our world in stupor lies;
Yet, dotted everywhere,
Ironic points of light
Flash out wherever the Just
Exchange their messages:
May I, composed like them
Of Eros and of dust,
Beleaguered by the same
Negation and despair,
Show an affirming flame.
I hunt for that affirming flame.

This generally has been called the “hate election” because everyone professed to hate both candidates. It turned out to be the hate election because, and let’s not mince words, of the hatefulness of the electorate. In the years to come, we will brace for the violence, the anger, the racism, the misogyny, the xenophobia, the nativism, the white sense of grievance that will undoubtedly be unleashed now that we have destroyed the values that have bound us.

We all knew these hatreds lurked under the thinnest veneer of civility. That civility finally is gone. In its absence, we may realize just how imperative that politesse was. It is the way we managed to coexist.

If there is a single sentence that characterizes the election, it is this: “He says the things I’m thinking.” That may be what is so terrifying. Who knew that so many tens of millions of white Americans were thinking unconscionable things about their fellow Americans? Who knew that tens of millions of white men felt so emasculated by women and challenged by minorities? Who knew that after years of seeming progress on race and gender, tens of millions of white Americans lived in seething resentment, waiting for a demagogue to arrive who would legitimize their worst selves and channel them into political power? Perhaps we had been living in a fool’s paradise. Now we aren’t.

This country has survived a civil war, two world wars, and a great depression. There are many who say we will survive this, too. Maybe we will, but we won’t survive unscathed. We know too much about each other to heal. No more can we pretend that we are exceptional or good or progressive or united. We are none of those things. Nor can we pretend that democracy works and that elections have more or less happy endings. Democracy only functions when its participants abide by certain conventions, certain codes of conduct and a respect for the process.

The virus that kills democracy is extremism because extremism disables those codes. Republicans have disrespected the process for decades. They have regarded any Democratic president as illegitimate. They have proudly boasted of preventing popularly elected Democrats from effecting policy and have asserted that only Republicans have the right to determine the nation’s course. They have worked tirelessly to make sure that the government cannot govern and to redefine the purpose of government as prevention rather than effectuation. In short, they haven’t believed in democracy for a long time, and the media never called them out on it.

Democracy can’t cope with extremism. Only violence and time can defeat it. The first is unacceptable, the second takes too long. Though Trump is an extremist, I have a feeling that he will be a very popular president and one likely to be re-elected by a substantial margin, no matter what he does or fails to do. That’s because ever since the days of Ronald Reagan, rhetoric has obviated action, speechifying has superseded governing.

Trump was absolutely correct when he bragged that he could shoot someone in the middle of Fifth Avenue and his supporters wouldn’t care. It was a dictator’s ugly vaunt, but one that recognized this election never was about policy or economics or the “right path/wrong path,” or even values. It was about venting. So long as Trump vented their grievances, his all-white supporters didn’t care about anything else. He is smart enough to know that won’t change in the presidency. In fact, it is only likely to intensify. White America, Trump’s America, just wants to hear its anger bellowed. This is one time when the Bully Pulpit will be literal.

The media can’t be let off the hook for enabling an authoritarian to get to the White House. Long before he considered a presidential run, he was a media creation-- a regular in the gossip pages, a photo on magazine covers, the bankrupt (morally and otherwise) mogul who hired and fired on The Apprentice. When he ran, the media treated him not as a candidate, but as a celebrity, and so treated him differently from ordinary pols. The media gave him free publicity, trumpeted his shenanigans, blasted out his tweets, allowed him to phone in his interviews, fell into his traps and generally kowtowed until they suddenly discovered that this joke could actually become president.

Just as Trump has shredded our values, our nation and our democracy, he has shredded the media. In this, as in his politics, he is only the latest avatar of a process that began long before his candidacy. Just as the sainted Ronald Reagan created an unbridgeable chasm between rich and poor that the Republicans would later exploit against Democrats, conservatives delegitimized mainstream journalism so that they could fill the vacuum.

Retiring conservative talk show host Charlie Sykes complained that after years of bashing from the right wing, the mainstream media no longer could perform their function as reporters, observers, fact dispensers, and even truth tellers, and he said we needed them. Like Goebbels before them, conservatives understood that they had to create their own facts, their own truths, their own reality. They have done so, and in so doing effectively destroyed the very idea of objectivity. Trump can lie constantly only because white America has accepted an Orwellian sense of truth-- the truth pulled inside out.

With Trump’s election, I think that the ideal of an objective, truthful journalism is dead, never to be revived. Like Nixon and Sarah Palin before him, Trump ran against the media, boomeranging off the public’s contempt for the press. He ran against what he regarded as media elitism and bias, and he ran on the idea that the press disdained working-class white America. Among the many now-widening divides in the country, this is a big one, the divide between the media and working-class whites, because it creates a Wild West of information-- a media ecology in which nothing can be believed except what you already believe.

With the mainstream media so delegitimized-- a delegitimization for which they bear a good deal of blame, not having had the courage to take on lies and expose false equivalencies-- they have very little role to play going forward in our politics. I suspect most of them will surrender to Trumpism-- if they were able to normalize Trump as a candidate, they will no doubt normalize him as president. Cable news may even welcome him as a continuous entertainment and ratings booster. And in any case, like Reagan, he is bulletproof. The media cannot touch him, even if they wanted to. Presumably, there will be some courageous guerillas in the mainstream press, a kind of Resistance, who will try to fact-check him. But there will be few of them, and they will be whistling in the wind. Trump, like all dictators, is his own truth.

What’s more, Trump already has promised to take his war on the press into courtrooms and the halls of Congress. He wants to loosen libel protections, and he has threatened Washington Post owner Jeff Bezos of Amazon with an antitrust suit. Individual journalists have reason to fear him as well. He has already singled out NBC’s Katy Tur, perhaps the best of the television reporters, so that she needed the Secret Service to escort her from one of his rallies. Jewish journalists who have criticized Trump have been subjected to vicious anti-Semitism and intimidation from the alt-right. For the press, this is likely to be the new normal in an America in which white supremacists, neo-Nazi militias, racists, sexists, homophobes and anti-Semites have been legitimized by a new president who “says what I’m thinking.” It will be open season.

This converts the media from reporters to targets, and they have little recourse. Still, if anyone points the way forward, it may be New York Times columnist David Brooks. Brooks is no paragon. He always had seemed to willfully neglect modern Republicanism’s incipient fascism (now no longer incipient), and he was an apologist for conservative self-enrichment and bigotry. But this campaign season, Brooks pretty much dispensed with politics. He seemed to have arrived at the conclusion that no good could possibly come of any of this and retreated into spirituality. What Brooks promoted were values of mutual respect, a bolder sense of civic engagement, an emphasis on community and neighborhood, and overall a belief in trickle-up decency rather than trickle-down economics. He is not hopeful, but he hasn’t lost all hope.

For those of us now languishing in despair, this may be a prescription for rejuvenation. We have lost the country, but by refocusing, we may have gained our own little patch of the world and, more granularly, our own family. For journalists, Brooks may show how political reporting, which, as I said, is likely to be irrelevant in the Trump age, might yield to a broader moral context in which one considers the effect that policy, strategy and governance have not only on our physical and economic well-being but also on our spiritual well-being. In a society that is likely to be fractious and odious, we need a national conversation on values. The media could help start it.

But the disempowered media may have one more role to fill: They must bear witness. Many years from now, future generations will need to know what happened to us and how it happened. They will need to know how disgruntled white Americans, full of self-righteous indignation, found a way to take back a country they felt they were entitled to and which they believed had been lost. They will need to know about the ugliness and evil that destroyed us as a nation after great men like Lincoln and Roosevelt guided us through previous crises and kept our values intact. They will need to know, and they will need a vigorous, engaged, moral media to tell them. They will also need us.

We are not living for ourselves anymore in this country. Now we are living for history.

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At 8:34 AM, Anonymous Jim said...

Howie, I don't disagree with your characterization of Trump and the voters who elected him.

And I won't try to equate Trump with Hillary, although there are certainly parallels. Both (at a minimum) skirted illegality, albeit in different ways (e.g., mafia payoffs and stiffing payees vs. pay-to-play as SoS). Both exhibited immorality, but in different ways (e.g., tax-dodging, pro-torture rhetoric, and nativist discrimination vs. cronyism, proxy wars, and "droning"). Both also lied about their records and likely their intentions if elected.

The main behavioral distinction I saw was that Hillary hid her illegal acts, her immoral policies, and her incivility (e.g., proxy smears aimed at Bernie during the primary), while Trump mostly doubled down on his. As a result, Hillary was perceived as less trustworthy, and Trump supporters were encouraged to vent resentments that have been fed by right wing media for decades.

So in the short term, I believe Gabler will be right, "We all knew these hatreds lurked under the thinnest veneer of civility. In its absence, we may realize just how imperative that politesse was. It is the way we managed to coexist."

But I'm also encouraged by some of the online debates that aim to unmask some of the misconceptions and self-delusions about America (USA is #1, USA is a force for peace in the world, American is the exceptional nation, Democrats are liberal, Republicans are fiscally responsible, we can afford more military spending but not good healthcare or infrastructure, etc.) among voters that led to Trump's victory. Including the various identity politics perspectives that contain grains of truth but cannot wholly account for the outcome (example: "sexists" who didn't vote for Hillary, but did vote for Jill Stein).

Gabler might be right, our current incivility might persist for a very long time. But I'm hoping that challenging the CW both on the right and the left, even if based on misconceptions and disinformation, will ultimately break the death grip that Reaganism and neoconservatism have had on this country's policies for the past few decades.

At 9:34 AM, Blogger jvb2718 said...

While the observations of what *is* now are correct, I tend to disagree with how we got here.

The hate has always been there. But it USED to be kind of a requirement that one suppress his worst limbic urges in order to function in society. There were laws, like the civil rights and voting rights bills from the '60s, and there were social norms (excepting the south where racism was never much suppressed -- I have personal experience there) that to which one was expected to conform lest one be chastised by society.

However, the fascist supremes have been setting fire to a lot of these (voting rights). And what the supremes haven't yet gotten to, congress and the executive branch have changed either by action or inaction. Financial felonies are now, de facto, legal. Hatred of LGBTs is a Christian virtue and anyone who kills a OB/GYN that may or may not have ever performed an abortion is going straight to heaven. And so on.

So, with all that has degraded in the past 36 years (since the democrats decided they loved money more than principles), the crush of the middle class and resultant meteoric rise of some douchenozzle demagogue became inevitable.

The relatively (compared to Germany in the early '30s) slow devolution of society was, evidently, too little at a time for an imbecile (and, yes, absolutely, evil!) electorate to notice and maybe fix along the way.
The crash of 2008 made the Obama candidacy (hopey changey) viable (McPalin was up in polls by a solid 5-8% before Lehman went poof). But as soon as obamanation started naming his team and staff, the newly dormant electorate should have realized that the fix was still in, and it was. HOPE-filled leftys rewarded the serial obamanation/D betrayals in 2010 by staying home (instead of voting green or socialist). And the degradation continued apace.

As to the media... again, wrong order. Reagan repudiated both the fairness and equal time doctrines which made the FCC largely moot and started enforcing stupidity and partisanship among the dumbest 3 in 4 americans. Clinton/D dereg of media was the final stake to the heart of journalism making news just another sector in the "entertainment" industry (read: for profit). The internets and "social" media made "news" free, killing newspapers; and gave every douchenozzle and pinhead a forum to spew their stupidity and hate... and allowed every like-non-thinker to join in the tribe anonymously (until now).

Herr drumpf and his loud echo of Mussolini and the beginnings of Hitler became inevitable. It's just so much easier to be ignorant, stupid and filled with hate than it is to be empathetic, tolerant and thoughtful. We're approaching the lowest common denominator, which is Nazi Germany. And, frankly, I don't see enough good left in the 50 to organically overcome the horrible.

It took a worldwide effort to rid us of the Nazis. But humans don't seem to have it in them to rid themselves of NAZIISM, clearly.

At 8:24 AM, Anonymous Anonymous said...

This is all way too depressing.


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